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CNS stimulants and depressants Flashcard

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anthrax

anthrax
a vaccine
a vaccine
petit mal seizure
A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness.
A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness.
blood dyscrasia
blood-cell disorders
blood-cell disorders
dystonic movement
involuntary abdnormal movement
involuntary abdnormal movement
teratogenic
the disturbance of the development of an embryo or fetus
the disturbance of the development of an embryo or fetus
excitement or delirium
not getting enough anasthesia
not getting enough anasthesia
nerve block
injects anesthesia around a nerve area
injects anesthesia around a nerve area
hydantoins
inhibit sodium influx, stabilize cell membranes, reduce repetitive neuronal firing, and limit seizures
inhibit sodium influx, stabilize cell membranes, reduce repetitive neuronal firing, and limit seizures
electroencephalogram (EEG)
an electrophysiologic monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain
an electrophysiologic monitoring method to record electrical activity of the brain
multiple sclerosis
a neuromuscular autoimmune disorder that attacks the myelin sheath of nerve fibers, causing lesions known as plaques
a neuromuscular autoimmune disorder that attacks the myelin sheath of nerve fibers, causing lesions known as plaques
clonic phase
there is uncontrolled jerking in this phase
there is uncontrolled jerking in this phase
cholinergic crisis
overdosing with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; may complicate myasthenia gravis
overdosing with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; may complicate myasthenia gravis
analgesia
induction/ first going to sleep
induction/ first going to sleep
status epilepticus
a rapid succession of epileptic seizures
a rapid succession of epileptic seizures
myasthenic crisis
occurs when muscular weakness in the patient with myasthenia gravis becomes generalized
occurs when muscular weakness in the patient with myasthenia gravis becomes generalized
smallpox
an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979
an acute contagious viral disease, with fever and pustules usually leaving permanent scars. It was effectively eradicated through vaccination by 1979
topical administration
rubbed into skin, decreased sensitivity of nerve endings
rubbed into skin, decreased sensitivity of nerve endings
dopamine
a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain's reward and pleasure centers
a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain
grand mal seizure
a loss of consciousness and violent muscle contractions.
a loss of consciousness and violent muscle contractions.
dyskinesia
impaired voluntary movement
impaired voluntary movement
parkinsonism
a syndrome, or a combination of similar symptoms, whose major features include rigidity, bradykinesia, gait disturbances, and tremors
a syndrome, or a combination of similar symptoms, whose major features include rigidity, bradykinesia, gait disturbances, and tremors
orthostatic hypotenstion
low blood pressure that occurs when when an individual assumes an upright position from a supine position
low blood pressure that occurs when when an individual assumes an upright position from a supine position
myasthenia gravis
an acquired autoimmune disease that impairs the transmission of messages at the neuromuscular junction, resulting in fluctuating muscle weakness that increase with muscle use
an acquired autoimmune disease that impairs the transmission of messages at the neuromuscular junction, resulting in fluctuating muscle weakness that increase with muscle use
bradykinesia
slow movement
slow movement
amphetamines
stimulate cerebral cortex
stimulate cerebral cortex
field block
several injections of anesthesia
several injections of anesthesia
muscle spasms
muscle contractions resulting from various causes
muscle contractions resulting from various causes
muscle relaxants
agents that reduce spasticity of muscles
agents that reduce spasticity of muscles
surgical
just right amount
just right amount
gingival hyperplasia
overgrowth of gums or reddened gums that that bleed easily
overgrowth of gums or reddened gums that that bleed easily
medullary paralysis
too much anathesia
too much anathesia
anticonvulsant
antiseizure drugs; used to for epileptic seizures
antiseizure drugs; used to for epileptic seizures
tonic phase
the body becomes entire rigid in this phase
the body becomes entire rigid in this phase
botulism
food poisoning caused by a bacterium (botulinum) growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods
food poisoning caused by a bacterium (botulinum) growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods
tularemia
a severe infectious bacterial disease of animals transmissible to humans, characterized by ulcers at the site of infection, fever, and loss of weight
a severe infectious bacterial disease of animals transmissible to humans, characterized by ulcers at the site of infection, fever, and loss of weight
infiltration
injecting directly into tissue to block nerves
injecting directly into tissue to block nerves
epilepsy
a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
plague
a contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and delirium, typically with the formation of buboes and sometimes infection of the lungs
a contagious bacterial disease characterized by fever and delirium, typically with the formation of buboes and sometimes infection of the lungs
anorexiants
stimulate satiety center in hypothalamic and limbic areas of the brain (control appetite)
stimulate satiety center in hypothalamic and limbic areas of the brain (control appetite)
pain pump
given post surgery and pumps anesthesia into area for over 96 hours
given post surgery and pumps anesthesia into area for over 96 hours
analeptics and caffeine
stimulate respiration's in brain stem and medulla
stimulate respiration
acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor
an enzyme responsible for breaking down acetycholine; also known as cholinesterase
an enzyme responsible for breaking down acetycholine; also known as cholinesterase
sedatives
treat sleep disorders and low doses can be used for anxiety
treat sleep disorders and low doses can be used for anxiety
intravenous regional anesthesia
drain all blood out of region, tie a turnicket, and inject anasthesia
drain all blood out of region, tie a turnicket, and inject anasthesia
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Cassidy Kennedy
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