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Plant Science-Grain Crops and Germination Flashcard

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A plant that has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel is what?

A plant that has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel is what?
Angiosperm
Angiosperm
Water activates special proteins which begins the process of seed growth is defined as what?
Enzymes
Enzymes
This is food in malting and feed for livestock?
Barley
Barley
Define Germination?
is the process of seeds developing into new plants
is the process of seeds developing into new plants
What are the influencing factors?
Water, Seed, Temperature
Water, Seed, Temperature
This is feed for livestock?
Grain Sorghum
Grain Sorghum
This crop is used for cooking oil, bread, breakfast cereals and sweetener?
Corn
Corn
What is step 3 in how plants reproduce?
step 3: seed grows a root to success water underground
step 3: seed grows a root to success water underground
This crop is mainly used in bread and is also feed for livestock?
Rye
Rye
These fruit or seed of plants are used for food?
Legume
Legume
What are the 2 categories that you can break grain into?
Cereals and Legumes
Cereals and Legumes
What is Wheat used for in food and feed?
bread, pasta, breakfast cereal; livestock and poultry
bread, pasta, breakfast cereal; livestock and poultry
What percentage of protein and over what percentage of calories are consumed by humans and livestock come from cereal grains?
80% and over 50%
80% and over 50%
What is step 1 in how the plants reproduce?
step 1: male plants release pollen
step 1: male plants release pollen
What is forage crops?
Utilized as roughage for livestock feed
Utilized as roughage for livestock feed
This is grown mainly for the oil from their seeds?
Oil seed crops
Oil seed crops
This main crop is grown for the oil from their seeds?
Sunflowers
Sunflowers
What is step 2 in how plants reproduce?
step 2: seed has a new location and covered with dirt it can germinate
step 2: seed has a new location and covered with dirt it can germinate
What are the 3 categories of field crops?
Grain crops, Oil Seed crops and specialty crops
Grain crops, Oil Seed crops and specialty crops
The US farmer today feeds how many people?
155
155
Seeds that come from grasses such as wheat, millet, rice, barley, oats, rye, triticale, sorghum and corn are what type of grain?
Cereal Grain
Cereal Grain
This is food for breakfast cereals and feed for mainly cattle and horses?
Oats
Oats
What is step 5 in how plants reproduce?
step 5: shoots appear and begins to grow leaves to harvest energy from the sun
step 5: shoots appear and begins to grow leaves to harvest energy from the sun
What is step 4 in how plants reproduce?
step 4: shoots or growth above ground will appear
step 4: shoots or growth above ground will appear
What is known as "naked seeds"?
Gymnosperm
Gymnosperm
Have only one seed leaf inside the seed coat?
Monocot
Monocot
A plant that has seeds unprotected by an ovary or fruit?
Gymnosperm
Gymnosperm
What are the 3 major grain crops grown in the US?
Wheat, Corn and Rice
Wheat, Corn and Rice
What is the primary crop raised as a fiber?
Cotton
Cotton
This grain is rich in carbohydrates?
Cereal Grains
Cereal Grains
This is a small, hard, dry seed with or without an attached hull or fruit layer?
Grain
Grain
This stimulant crop is very labor intensive?
Tobacco
Tobacco
Tobacco is considered to be what type of crop, which is grown and strictly sold as this?
Cash Crop
Cash Crop
The US farmer fed how many people in 1960?
26 people
26 people
What percentage do sugar beet production account for in refined sugar in the US?
35%
35%
Flashcard Created By
Kate Howland
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