Thinking Like a Sociologist- Chapter 1 Flashcard

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Emile Durkheim

Emile Durkheim
French sociologist. Conducted study of suicide and social integration. Analyzed social facts, social solidarity, and division of labor.
French sociologist. Conducted study of suicide and social integration. Analyzed social facts, social solidarity, and division of labor.
Auguste Comte
coined the term "sociology" and described as "father of sociology." Argued for empirical study of society and analyzed social statics and dynamics.
coined the term "sociology" and described as "father of sociology." Argued for empirical study of society and analyzed social statics and dynamics.
Conflict Theory
examines the ways in which groups disagree/struggle over power, and compete for scarce resources. ex: property, wealth, and prestige. "Have" and "Have-nots."
examines the ways in which groups disagree/struggle over power, and compete for scarce resources. ex: property, wealth, and prestige. "Have" and "Have-nots."
division of labor
Emile Durkheim. an interdependence of different tasks and occupations, characteristic of industrialized societies, that produce social unity and facilitate change.
Emile Durkheim. an interdependence of different tasks and occupations, characteristic of industrialized societies, that produce social unity and facilitate change.
Karl Marx
German social philosopher. Most influential social scientist. Analyzed Industrial Revolution and studied Capitalism, class conflict, and alienation.
German social philosopher. Most influential social scientist. Analyzed Industrial Revolution and studied Capitalism, class conflict, and alienation.
W.E.B Du Bois
Black sociologist, writer, editor, social reformer. 1st african american to graduate Harvard. Founded NAACP.
Black sociologist, writer, editor, social reformer. 1st african american to graduate Harvard. Founded NAACP.
Theory
a set of statements that explains why a phenomenon occurs.
a set of statements that explains why a phenomenon occurs.
dysfunctional
social patterns that have a negative impact on a group or society.
social patterns that have a negative impact on a group or society.
interaction
action in which people take each other into account in their own behavior.
action in which people take each other into account in their own behavior.
social solidarity
Emile Durkheim. social cohesiveness and harmony
Emile Durkheim. social cohesiveness and harmony
Macrosociology
the study of large-scale patterns and processes that characterize society as a whole.
the study of large-scale patterns and processes that characterize society as a whole.
Microsociology
the study of small-scale patterns of individuals' social interaction in specific settings.
the study of small-scale patterns of individuals
latent functions
unintended and unrecognized; they are present but not immediately obvious.
unintended and unrecognized; they are present but not immediately obvious.
Max Weber
Rejected Marx views. argued for the importance of ideas and ideologies. charismatic. Focused on social organization, subjective understanding of behavior, and a value-free sociology.
Rejected Marx views. argued for the importance of ideas and ideologies. charismatic. Focused on social organization, subjective understanding of behavior, and a value-free sociology.
manifest functions
intended and recognized; they are present but not immediately obvious.
intended and recognized; they are present but not immediately obvious.
Feminist Theory
explain the social, economic, and political position of women in society. seek to free women from traditionally oppressive expectations and constraints. women suffer injustice because of their sex.
explain the social, economic, and political position of women in society. seek to free women from traditionally oppressive expectations and constraints. women suffer injustice because of their sex.
Symbolic Interaction
looks at individual's (micro-level) everyday behavior and communication through symbols and shared meanings. Interactionist's see society as socially constructed.
looks at individual
value-free
separating one's personal values, opinions, ideology, and beliefs from scientific research.
separating one
Jane Addams
social worker who co-founded Hull House. Leader in women's suffrage movements. Nobel peace prize.
social worker who co-founded Hull House. Leader in women
capitalism
Karl Marx. an economic system in which the ownership of the means of production-like land, factories, large sums of money, and machines-is in private hands.
Karl Marx. an economic system in which the ownership of the means of production-like land, factories, large sums of money, and machines-is in private hands.
Sociological imagination
the intersection between individual lives and larger social influences.
the intersection between individual lives and larger social influences.
Social interaction
is the process by which we act toward and react to people around us.
is the process by which we act toward and react to people around us.
alienation
Karl Marx. the feeling of separation from one's group or society.
Karl Marx. the feeling of separation from one
Functionalism
are purposes and activities to meet diff. needs that contribute to society's stability. emphasize order.
are purposes and activities to meet diff. needs that contribute to society
social facts
Emile Durkheim. aspects of social life, external to the individual, that can be measured.
Emile Durkheim. aspects of social life, external to the individual, that can be measured.
Sociology
the systematic study of social interaction at a variety of levels.
the systematic study of social interaction at a variety of levels.
Harriet Martineau
English author of books ranging in topics in social science, politics, literature, and history. She condensed Comte's material. A feminist and strong opponent of slavery.
English author of books ranging in topics in social science, politics, literature, and history. She condensed Comte
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Terri G.
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