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Week three lecture Flashcard

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immune response

immune response
the body's attempt to protect itself from foreign and harmful substances
the body
portal of ecit
the means by which microorganisms exit the reservoir
the means by which microorganisms exit the reservoir
viruses
the smallest microorganism. Can not be treated with antibiotics
the smallest microorganism. Can not be treated with antibiotics
normal flora
a group of non-disease causing microorganisms that live in or on the body
a group of non-disease causing microorganisms that live in or on the body
surgical asepsis
surgical technique
surgical technique
disinfection
the removal of pathogenic microorganisms except for spores from inanimate objects
the removal of pathogenic microorganisms except for spores from inanimate objects
sterilization
the process used to destroy all microorganisms including spores
the process used to destroy all microorganisms including spores
susceptible host
someone exposed to an infectious disease who is likely to contract the disease
someone exposed to an infectious disease who is likely to contract the disease
antigen
any substance that provokes an adaptive immune response
any substance that provokes an adaptive immune response
humoral immunity
a defense system that involves white blood cells that produce antibodies in response to antigens or pathogens circulating in the lymph and blood
a defense system that involves white blood cells that produce antibodies in response to antigens or pathogens circulating in the lymph and blood
bacteria
single-cell organisms
single-cell organisms
asepsis
refers to freedom from and prevention of diease-causing contamination
refers to freedom from and prevention of diease-causing contamination
replication
bacterial reproduction
bacterial reproduction
vectors
carry the pathogens from one host to another
carry the pathogens from one host to another
fungi
like bacteria, are single-cell organisms that can cause infection
like bacteria, are single-cell organisms that can cause infection
reservoir
the source of the infection
the source of the infection
infection
the establishment of a pathogen in a susceptible host
the establishment of a pathogen in a susceptible host
inflammatory response
a local response to cellular injury or infection that includes capillary dilation and leukocyte infiltration
a local response to cellular injury or infection that includes capillary dilation and leukocyte infiltration
host
the source of infection
the source of infection
cellular immunity
defense by white blood cells against any microorganisms that the body does not recognize as its own
defense by white blood cells against any microorganisms that the body does not recognize as its own
immunization
the process by which an individual develops immunity against a specific agent
the process by which an individual develops immunity against a specific agent
contact
body surfaces touch surfaces of other bodies or objects
body surfaces touch surfaces of other bodies or objects
droplet transmission
occurs when the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract are exposed to the secretions of an infected individual
occurs when the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract are exposed to the secretions of an infected individual
medical asepsis
clean technique Ex: handwashing
clean technique Ex: handwashing
airborne transmission
occurs when microorganisms are dispersed by air currents and inhaled or deposited on the skin of a susceptible host
occurs when microorganisms are dispersed by air currents and inhaled or deposited on the skin of a susceptible host
health-care associated infections (HAI)
formerly referred to as nosocomial infections, they are infections that occur while the pt is receiving treatment at the hospital
formerly referred to as nosocomial infections, they are infections that occur while the pt is receiving treatment at the hospital
antibodies
immunoglobulin molecules that recognize invaders
immunoglobulin molecules that recognize invaders
parasites
organisms that live on or in other organisms
organisms that live on or in other organisms
mode of transmission
the form of transportation
the form of transportation
personal protective equipment
the equipment that health care personnel use to protect against the spread of infection
the equipment that health care personnel use to protect against the spread of infection
pathogen
any infectious agent that causes disease
any infectious agent that causes disease
portal of entry
the means by which microorganisms enters the susceptible host
the means by which microorganisms enters the susceptible host
Flashcard Created By
Cassidy Kennedy
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