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week three lecture (chapter 28) Flashcard

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hypertonicity (spasticity)

hypertonicity (spasticity)
unnormal increased muscle tone
unnormal increased muscle tone
hemiparesis
weakness on one side of the body
weakness on one side of the body
gait
walking
walking
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
paralysis on one side of the body
coordinated body movement
a result of weight, center of gravity, and balance
a result of weight, center of gravity, and balance
isotonic exercise
involves active movement with constant muscle contractions
involves active movement with constant muscle contractions
flaccidity (hypotonicity)
lack of muscle tone
lack of muscle tone
aerobic exercise
requires oxygen metabolism to produce energy
ex: power walking
requires oxygen metabolism to produce energy <br />ex: power walking
friction
rubbing
rubbing
paraplegia
paralysis below the waist
paralysis below the waist
isometric exercise
requires tension and relaxation of muscles without joint movement
requires tension and relaxation of muscles without joint movement
pathologic bone fractures
spontaneous breaks without trauma
spontaneous breaks without trauma
body balance
achieved by low center of gravity; enhanced by posture
achieved by low center of gravity; enhanced by posture
foot drop
results in permanent plantar flexion
results in permanent plantar flexion
quadriplegia
paralysis below the neck
paralysis below the neck
passive range of motion
the nurse moves each joint to the point of resistance while evaluating patient comfort
the nurse moves each joint to the point of resistance while evaluating patient comfort
anaerobic exercise
does not need energy to produce energy
ex: weightlifiting
does not need energy to produce energy <br />ex: weightlifiting
proprioception
awareness of posture and movement
awareness of posture and movement
equilibrium
balance
balance
contracture
permanent fixation of a joint
permanent fixation of a joint
dangling
the pt sits on the side of the bed before standing
the pt sits on the side of the bed before standing
ischemia
reduced blood flow
reduced blood flow
trapeze
triangular device suspended above the bed
triangular device suspended above the bed
atrophy
wasting of muscle
wasting of muscle
pressure ulcers
pressure sores, bedsores
pressure sores, bedsores
disuse osteoporosis
loss of bone mass due to lack of activity
loss of bone mass due to lack of activity
range of motion
degrees of movement
degrees of movement
body alignment
relationship of one body part to another
relationship of one body part to another
active range of motion
pt actively demonstrates full movement of each joint
pt actively demonstrates full movement of each joint
Flashcard Created By
Cassidy Kennedy
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