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week three lecture (chapter 28) Flashcard

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quadriplegia

quadriplegia
paralysis below the neck
paralysis below the neck
foot drop
results in permanent plantar flexion
results in permanent plantar flexion
isometric exercise
requires tension and relaxation of muscles without joint movement
requires tension and relaxation of muscles without joint movement
paraplegia
paralysis below the waist
paralysis below the waist
hemiparesis
weakness on one side of the body
weakness on one side of the body
pressure ulcers
pressure sores, bedsores
pressure sores, bedsores
hypertonicity (spasticity)
unnormal increased muscle tone
unnormal increased muscle tone
active range of motion
pt actively demonstrates full movement of each joint
pt actively demonstrates full movement of each joint
trapeze
triangular device suspended above the bed
triangular device suspended above the bed
proprioception
awareness of posture and movement
awareness of posture and movement
body balance
achieved by low center of gravity; enhanced by posture
achieved by low center of gravity; enhanced by posture
friction
rubbing
rubbing
coordinated body movement
a result of weight, center of gravity, and balance
a result of weight, center of gravity, and balance
equilibrium
balance
balance
isotonic exercise
involves active movement with constant muscle contractions
involves active movement with constant muscle contractions
ischemia
reduced blood flow
reduced blood flow
gait
walking
walking
disuse osteoporosis
loss of bone mass due to lack of activity
loss of bone mass due to lack of activity
atrophy
wasting of muscle
wasting of muscle
body alignment
relationship of one body part to another
relationship of one body part to another
range of motion
degrees of movement
degrees of movement
anaerobic exercise
does not need energy to produce energy
ex: weightlifiting
does not need energy to produce energy <br />ex: weightlifiting
hemiplegia
paralysis on one side of the body
paralysis on one side of the body
contracture
permanent fixation of a joint
permanent fixation of a joint
flaccidity (hypotonicity)
lack of muscle tone
lack of muscle tone
aerobic exercise
requires oxygen metabolism to produce energy
ex: power walking
requires oxygen metabolism to produce energy <br />ex: power walking
pathologic bone fractures
spontaneous breaks without trauma
spontaneous breaks without trauma
passive range of motion
the nurse moves each joint to the point of resistance while evaluating patient comfort
the nurse moves each joint to the point of resistance while evaluating patient comfort
dangling
the pt sits on the side of the bed before standing
the pt sits on the side of the bed before standing
Flashcard Created By
Cassidy Kennedy
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