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Beowulf
This study guide will help you learn about the story of Beowulf and every other literary component found within its text, be they characters, setting, themes, and many more.
1) The story of Beowulf takes place in an ancient Scandinavia, one that is not as populated or as united as the one of today. It is here that the king of what would become modern day Denmark, Hrothgar, enjoys a rather peaceful reign. As a symbolization of his power and prestige, he orders a mead-hall to be constructed that will eventually become known as Heorot. It is here that his warriors essentially party into the wee hours of the night and cause an obscene amount of noise in the process. Of course, this angers a local demon by the name of Grendal, a descendant of Cain, to the point where he repeatedly attacks them over the course of several years. As you can imagine, Grendal was not hurt, but the king of Danes lost a considerable amount of men. This, in turn, engages a blood feud that cannot be ended, much to the dismay of the king. As time passes, word of Hrothgar's plight spreads to the land of the Geats, and a hero by the name of Beowulf, the titular character of the story itself, heeds the call and sails to Denmark with a group of men. As a matter of convenience, Hrothgar did a favor for Beowulf's father, so the king is more than happy to accept his help. A feast is held and it is here that Beowulf trades blows with a Dane by the name of Unferth, though they do not use weapons. Instead, they use the power of their own words. The Dane essentially mocks Beowulf while the hero boasts about his many feats. This raises the spirits of the Danes present, and it isn't long before Grendal appears. Beowulf essentially fights the demon singlehandedly and unarmed, yet he still manages to rip off the demon's arm. While Grendal slinks back to his swamp to die, the arm is hung as a trophy above the door, and Beowulf proves himself a hero. As he is showered in gifts by Hrothgar, a second threat approaches. This time, it is the mother of Grendal. As revenge for her son's death, she kills Aeschere, one of Hrothgar's advisors, and supposedly takes the arm of her dead son when she leaves. Beowulf, wanting to avenge the death of Aeschere, follows her to a lake and fights her. When conventional weapons do no physical harm, Beowulf finds a sword that was made for a giant in the mother’s own cave and uses it to kill her. The hero also finds the corpse of Grendal and takes the head back to Hrothgar as a trophy. As a result of his feats, the Danish countryside is now purged, and after a bit of celebration, Beowulf bids a tearful goodbye to Hrothgar. He then returns home to his own lands and regales its rulers with the stories of his most recent escapade. The treasure he acquired is also given to them, and he is rewarded for his deeds. Years later, the king of the Geats dies in a battle, and because he had no heir at the time, Beowulf ascends to the throne. His rule, much like Hrothgar’s, is one of peace and prosperity for his people for the next five decades. Of course, nothing ever lasts forever, as a thief eventually steals a chalice from a dragon. This, in turn, enrages the beast to the point where he attacks the Geats as a whole. While everyone else flees, including the warriors of the tribe they were meant to protect, Beowulf charges head first into the fray with only one other Geat, Wiglaf, by his side. After a rather intense fight, the dragon is slain, though it comes at the cost of the hero’s life. Wiglaf, in turn, lashes out at the warriors that fled by banishing them, and many fear that their enemies, Swedes, will now become emboldened and attack them due to the loss of their king. As a way to respect his final wish, Beowulf’s body is burned on a massive fire, and his ashes are buried with the dragon’s treasure. : Themes Wealth is essentially attributed to weapons, armor, and various treasures. This is due to the fact that Beowulf depicts the medieval warrior culture of Scandinavia and England Identity is also a major factor in a character at the time that Beowulf was originally told. Men were expected to be warriors and were shamed if they failed to meet this role. This was due to the rather inhospitable landscape of medieval Europe and the threats that could found around every corner, even if they were human in origin. As with most stories, the struggle of good and evil can be seen three separate times within the life of Beowulf. The only difference is that these were not mere men, but monsters that would send most into shock. The traditions of the time can also be seen through the poem as well. Blood feuds ran amok before people figured that it would be best to pay the offended family reparations for their loss. After all, they had enough to worry about with outside and environmental forces threatening to kill them. Along with this, rewards were given to those who helped others and boasting was a method of bolstering one's own reputation. Religion and the supernatural are also complicated topics when it comes to Beowulf. After all, the story was originally written in a time where Christianity ruled Europe, and yet the author still mixes pagan beliefs with his own writing. This can be seen by the fact that Grendal is the ancestor of Cain, and both come from very different religions.

Created on April 26, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Jordan Graham

The Boys Who Challenged Hitler
"The true story of a group of boy resistance fighters in Denmark after the Nazi invasion"-- "At the outset of World War II, Denmark did not resist German occupation. Deeply ashamed of his nation's leaders, fifteen-year-old Knud Pedersen resolved with his brother and a handful of schoolmates to take action against the Nazis if the adults would not. Naming their secret club after the fiery British leader, the young patriots in the Churchill Club committed countless acts of sabotage, infuriating the Germans, who eventually had the boys tracked down and arrested. But their efforts were not in vain: the boys' exploits and eventual imprisonment helped spark a full-blown Danish resistance. Interweaving his own narrative with the recollections of Knud himself, here is Phil Hoose's inspiring story of these young war heroes"--
1) "The true story of a group of boy resistance fighters in Denmark after the Nazi invasion"-- "At the outset of World War II, Denmark did not resist German occupation. Deeply ashamed of his nation's leaders, fifteen-year-old Knud Pedersen resolved with his brother and a handful of schoolmates to take action against the Nazis if the adults would not. Naming their secret club after the fiery British leader, the young patriots in the Churchill Club committed countless acts of sabotage, infuriating the Germans, who eventually had the boys tracked down and arrested. But their efforts were not in vain: the boys' exploits and eventual imprisonment helped spark a full-blown Danish resistance. Interweaving his own narrative with the recollections of Knud himself, here is Phil Hoose's inspiring story of these young war heroes"-- : "The true story of a group of boy resistance fighters in Denmark after the Nazi invasion"-- "At the outset of World War II, Denmark did not resist German occupation. Deeply ashamed of his nation's leaders, fifteen-year-old Knud Pedersen resolved with his brother and a handful of schoolmates to take action against the Nazis if the adults would not. Naming their secret club after the fiery British leader, the young patriots in the Churchill Club committed countless acts of sabotage, infuriating the Germans, who eventually had the boys tracked down and arrested. But their efforts were not in vain: the boys' exploits and eventual imprisonment helped spark a full-blown Danish resistance. Interweaving his own narrative with the recollections of Knud himself, here is Phil Hoose's inspiring story of these young war heroes"--

Created on April 25, 2018 by
1 note(s)
John hans

Muscle

1) The 3 types of muscle tissue are cardiac, smooth, and skeletal. Cardiac muscle cells are located in the walls of the heart, appear striated, and are under involuntary control. Smooth muscle fibers are located in walls of hollow visceral organs, except the heart, appear spindle-shaped, and are also under involuntary control. Skeletal muscle fibers occur in muscles which are attached to the skeleton. They are striated in appearance and are under voluntary control. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/19841.htm : Cardiac muscle, found only in the myocardium, contracts in response to signals from the cardiac conduction system to make the heart beat. Cardiac muscle is made from cells called cardiocytes. Like skeletal muscle cells cardiocytes have a striated appearance, but their overall structure is shorter and thicker. Cardiocytes are branched, allowing them to connect with several other cardiocytes, forming a network that facilitates coordinated contraction.

Created on April 25, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Ella Henry

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Logan Glazier

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1 note(s)
Courtney Grooms

Adaptive Immunity
Outline of Chapter 16 Adaptive Immune Response
1) Adaptive Immunity : What is Adaptive Immunity? -Bodily recognition of foreign invaders and their products -Lymphocytes (B and T cells) Mediate these actions ---Specific: One molecular shape ---Inducible: only activated when pathogen is present ---Clonal: many generations of cells when induced ---Unresponsive to Self: will not harm body cells ---Memory: works more quickly with previously encountered pathogens

Created on April 22, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Elana Frost

AP Human Study Guide Review

1) This study guide is going over unit 2 specifically the things people missed like Malthus and Neo-Malthusians. This study also goes over the different types of migration patterns such as Internal migration, international migration and IDP (internally displaced people). : Malthusians are people who believe that the idea; population of an area can continue to grow exponentially if the food supply of that area is at the best it can be.

Created on April 20, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Estevan Villagrana

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This covers all of the disease and immunology information from unit 4 of Microbiology 275. It outlines all of the important processes in immunity, as well as the differences between pathogens such as bacteria and viruses.
1) IMMUNITY PART 2 : Response triggered when pathogens have penetrated the skin or mucous membranes -Plasma -White Blood Cells -Leukocytes -Neutrophils -Macrophages -Eosinophils -Lymphocytes -Internal Cell Chemical Defenses -Inflammation -Fever

Created on April 20, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Elana Frost

AP Human Geography Chapter 2: Population

1) ngffkgjgfku : jygfjfjfjf

Created on April 17, 2018 by
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Jeremy Kiggundu

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nikki sanner

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Created on April 12, 2018 by
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joseph martin

LEST LVMPD
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1) What does this Acronym stand for? I C A R E : Integrity Courage Accountability Respect for people Excellence

Created on April 07, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Hannah Newman
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