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Visual-Arts Study Guides

Practical tips and exercises for improving your photography skills
This is a theoretical study guide for photography course students.

Created on December 24, 2018 by
1 note(s)
Christine McNeeley

Jeopardy Guide

Created on March 06, 2018 by
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Samuel Abrams

Western Art: Prehist-Renaissance Exam 1
This section covers art history dating all the way back to Prehistoric art to Greek Art.gyp Topics discussed: Prehistoric Art -Paleolithic -Neolithic Egyptian Art -Old Kingdom -Middle Kingdom -New Kingdom And Ancient Greek Art -The Prehistoric Agean -Minoan Art -Geometric -Archaic -Early Classical -Classic -Hellenistic
1) Art Before History : I. Stone Age -first replica of a human face found by someone in 3,000,000 BCE -Waterworn pebble resembling a human face, from Makapansgat, South Africa, ca. 3,000,000 BCE. Reddish brown jasperite, approx. 2 3/8” wide. -It was discovered among the remains of natives but it was not native to the area found -NOT Art; man made; but it had to be important to the ppl/owner II. Paleolithic Art ("old stone" age) - 40,000 and earlier BCE -People were Migratory -Mostly pictures of mostly women and animals (topics of interest?) -Venus of Willendorf -Nude woman (Venus of Willendorf), from Willendorf, Austria, ca. 28,000–25,000 BCE. Limestone, 4 1/4” high. Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna -scholars found this sculpture and other ones like it. -it was presumed to be a goddess/deity since it's a woman -possibly a fertility goddess(?) b/c of large breasts and belly -Ideal characteristic of a woman? - Two bison, reliefs in cave at Le Tuc d’Audoubert, France, ca. 15,000–10,000 BCE. Clay, each 2’ 7/8” long -It was a relief sculpture; someone wanted to make something permanent -Left wall of the Hall of the Bulls in the cave at Lascaux, France, ca. 16,000-14,000 BCE. Largest bull 11’ 6” long. -Nomadic ppl painted on the walls of the caves -Use of pigments -may have served as offerings or blessings or instruction manuals -animals in partial pfofile. -Rhinoceros, wounded man, and disemboweled bison, painting in the well of the cave at Lascaux, France ca. 16,000–14,000 BCE. Bison 3” 4 1/2” long. -first "man" (?) -bison is disemboweled (details of intestines) III. Neolithic Age ("new stone" age) -Humans domesticated animals and cultivated agriculture (less nomadic) -1st evidenced in Anatolia and Mesopotamia; 1st architecture -global warming caused ice cape to melt, rise sea level, and separate land -Human figure, from Ain Ghazal, Jordan, ca. 6750–6250 BCE. Plaster, painted and inlaid with bitumen, 3’ 5 3/8” high. Louvre, Paris. -made of plaster -used pigment on eyes and nose -large; not made for a nomadic group -A Restored view of a section of Level VI, Çatal Höyük, Turkey, ca. 6000–5900 BCE (John Swogger). -Deer hunt, detail of a wall painting from Level III, Çatal Höyük, Turkey, ca. 5750 BCE. Museum of Anatolian Civilization, Ankara. -shows attempt of making a culture and civilization -wall paintings show scenes of hunting -use of pigment -indication of common local dwelling -House 1, Skara Brae, Scotland, ca. 3100–2500 BCE. -experiment of stone structure -Aerial view of Stonehenge, Salisbury Plain, England, ca. 2550–1600 BCE. Circle is 97’ in diameter; trilithons 24’ high. -use of "sarsen" (a type of sandstone) IV. Ancient Mesopotamia and Persia -Modern day Iraq, Iran, and Persia -Region referred to as “cradle of civilization” -“Mesopotamia” = “between the Tigris and Euphrates” -Important Inventions -Wheel and plow -Control of floodwaters, construction of irrigation canals -City-states -Writing (Cunieform) V. Sumeria -Southern Iraq -about 12 city-states -rulers were early representatives of divinities -had division of labors due to vast agriculture -earliest written documents -first used pictographs -the time of the Epic of Gilgamesh -Presentation of offerings to Inanna (Warka Vase), from the Inanna temple complex, Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq, ca. 3200–3000 BCE. Alabaster, 3’ 1/4” high. National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad. -Inanna~ Sumerian goddess of love and war -Uruk (Modern Warka, Iraq) -Organized in horizontal bands -Levels of hierarchy -gift of offering; thanks to vast crops, water, and livestock -Votive offerings to the Goddess Inanna -goddess wearing headress w/ horns -hierarchy of scale -White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq, ca. 3200–3000 BCE -made of mud bricks -no stone b/c there were no accessible quarries nearb -originally white-washed brick -possibly a temple of worship -cella: the room of the deity -also where the priest lived to communicate with the gods -commoners may make votive offerings. -Statuettes of two worshipers, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar), Iraq, ca. 2700 BCE. Gypsum, shell, and black limestone, man figure 2’ 4 ¼” high, woman 1’ 11 ¼” high. National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad. -large eyes and geometric shapes incorporated into bodies -War side of the Standard of Ur, from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) , Iraq, ca. 2600–2400 BCE. Wood, shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’ 7”. British Museum, London. -chariots; lines of solider -Peace side of the Standard of Ur, from Tomb 779, Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar) , Iraq, ca. 2600–2400 BCE . Wood, shell, lapis lazuli, and red limestone, 8” x 1’ 7”. British Museum, London. -this side and war side made of lapis lazuli; rare object -procession of a victory of war, following with a feast/harvest -Bull-headed harp with inlaid sound box, from the tomb of Pu-abi (tomb 800), Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2600–2400 BCE. Wood, gold, lapis lazuli, red limestone, and shell, 3’ 8 1/8” high. British Museum, London. -Banquet scene, cylinder seal (left) and its modern impression (right), from the tomb of Pu-abi (tomb 800), Royal Cemetery, Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2600–2400 BCE. Lapis lazuli, 1 7/8” high, 1” diameter. British Museum, London. VI. Akkadians (2332 BCE) - Sumerian cities came under a single ruler, Sargon of Akkad (“true king”) - New type of royal power – complete loyalty to the king rather than the city-state -Victory stele of Naram-Sin, set up at Sippar, Iraq, found at Susa, Iran, 2254–2218 BCE. Pink sandstone, 6’ 7” high. Musée du Louvre, Paris. -Sargon's grandson -tells of Naram's conquest -Narambu (succeeding king) accented the stele by signing his name on it -use of landscape; sense of nature -Sun + Stars= celestial approval -hierarchy scale -horns on Naram's headress -c.2150 ~ Akkadian rule ended -est. a Neo-Sumerian state led by rulers by kings of Ur (this was short-lived) - Ziggurat (looking southwest), Ur (modern Tell Muqayyar), Iraq, ca. 2100 BCE. -made of bricks; about 50 feet tall VII. Babylonians -Neo Sumerian dynasty fell, system of independent city-state reemerged -One was Babylon, ruled by Hammurabi (ruled 1792-1750) -Hammurabi established sophisticated legal code -Stele with laws of Hammurabi, set up at Babylon, Iraq, found at Susa, Iran, ca. 1780 BCE. Basalt, 7’ 4” high. Musée du Louvre, Paris. -sun god giving approval of laws to Hammurabi -law code written in cuneiform -Neo-Babylonian -King Nebuchadnezzar -built wall around city of babylon - Ishtar Gate (restored), Babylon, Iraq, ca. 575 BCE. Vorderasiatisches Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin. -brick in covered glaze -decorated with animals

Created on September 21, 2016 by
1 note(s)
Sylvia Gomez

French 1171 Final
French Cinema- Gangsters, Thrillers, & Classics May Term 2016 (online) Professor Célestin

Created on May 26, 2016 by
1 note(s)
Kaely Seikel

Tip 1. This is Germans territorynot the Nazis ok Tip 2. We are the most richest country with 90,000,000 euros thats €90,000,000 Tip 3. If you like Nazis then dont join this study group Tip 4. Be nice Tip 5. This is a free study group so dont mind the other religions Tip 6. Talk freely just dont curse ok Tip 7. No dating Tip 8. Well mabey a little cursing like hell and mabey dating if you get permission Tip 9. This was started by a girl so yeah Tip 10. Learn as best as you can Tip 11. And finally have fun......
1) First studying math but the math is fun : First we start the numbers by saying them in german

Created on December 30, 2014 by
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Elaina Fatzinger

Impressions of an artwork
What are your first impressions

Created on November 05, 2013 by
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Madelyn Smith


1) hot sun coold : do it wiertr

Created on October 02, 2013 by
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peggy Clark

this teaches students things to prepare for
1) : make sure u are not near any source of distraction

Created on May 08, 2013 by
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grace enike

1) 2+2 : fish

Created on April 24, 2013 by
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errmyas getachew

study guide
Will help prep for placement test

Created on March 03, 2013 by
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samone sousa

study guide
Prep for placement test

Created on March 03, 2013 by
0 note(s)
samone sousa

Art History 160 exam 1 Study Guide

1) Triptych : - 3 panel work of art

Created on February 11, 2013 by
1 note(s)
Stephanie Brown
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