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__________
67.
The hypothalamus connects the endocrine and ________ systems.



a.
circulatory
b.
nervous
c.
digestive
d.
reproductive



__________
68.
________ affects the growth of ovarian follicles and eggs in females and the production of sperm in males.



a.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
b.
Prolactin
c.
Melanocyte-stimulating hormone
d.
Calcitonin



__________
69.
The thyroid has ________ lobes.



a.
three
b.
two
c.
four
d.
six



__________
70.
A normal fasting blood glucose level is ________ mg/dL.



a.
10 to 30
b.
above 100
c.
below 100
d.
110 to 150



__________
71.
________ is a rare, life-threatening condition that is a result of long-term, untreated hypothyroidism.



a.
Myxedema
b.
Edema
c.
Acromegaly
d.
Gigantism



__________
72.
Graves disease is the ________ of hyperthyroidism.



a.
most common form
b.
most deadly form
c.
rarest type
d.
quickest spreading type



__________
73.
Insulin is a(n) ________ that lowers blood sugar by allowing the body's cells to absorb glucose from the blood.



a.
vitamin
b.
organ
c.
hormone
d.
carbohydrate



__________
74.
Which of the following is NOT one of the classic symptoms of diabetes?



a.
Weight gain
b.
Frequent urination
c.
Excessive thirst
d.
Excessive hunger



__________
75.
Achondroplasia is the most common type of short-limb dwarfism, occurring in one in ________ children, with both sexes at equal risk.



a.
25,000
b.
52,000
c.
75,000
d.
100,000



__________
76.
Typical treatment for hypothyroidism involves the daily use of a synthetic thyroid hormone called



a.
levtrorine.
b.
livoroxine.
c.
lioxine.
d.
levothyroxine.



__________
77.
The thyroid gland is responsible for secreting all of the following hormones EXCEPT _________.



a.
thyroxin
b.
tri-iodothyronine
c.
calcitonin
d.
dioxin



__________
78.
A ________ is a life-threatening condition that can result from long-term, untreated hypothyroidism.



a.
pregnancy
b.
manic depression
c.
myxedema
d.
diabetes



__________
79.
Each month, a Graafian follicle ruptures on the ovarian cortex, and an ovum releases into the pelvic cavity and into the fallopian tube. This process is known as



a.
copulation.
b.
permutation.
c.
ovulation.
d.
mutilation.



__________
80.
Which of the following is NOT one of the three sections of the male urethra?



a.
Projectile
b.
Penile
c.
Membranous
d.
Prostatic



__________
81.
Which of the following is NOT one of the most common places for breast cancer to metastasize?



a.
Lymph nodes
b.
Pancreas
c.
Liver
d.
Brain



__________
82.
All of the following factors may play a role in causing cervical cancer EXCEPT _________.



a.
sexual activity with multiple partners
b.
frequent sexual intercourse with the same partner
c.
sexual intercourse at an early age
d.
sexual intercourse with a partner who has had risky sexual activity



__________
83.
Medical assistants must learn to ask the right questions when interviewing patients about their history and medication. Some women may fail to report _________ used for contraception as a medication.



a.
male condoms
b.
hormonal patches
c.
female condoms
d.
diaphragms



__________
84.
The vital function of the male reproductive system is to provide the sperm cells necessary to fertilize the ________, thereby perpetuating the species.



a.
female
b.
vagina
c.
ovum
d.
male



__________
85.
The erectile state in the penis occurs when sexual stimulation causes large quantities of ________ from dilated arteries supplying the penis to fill the cavernous spaces in the erectile tissue.



a.
blood
b.
water
c.
bile
d.
sperm



__________
86.
________ is performed to prevent tearing of the perineum during childbirth.



a.
Dysmenorrhea
b.
Perineum
c.
Episiotomy
d.
Gingivitis



__________
87.
Generally, labor lasts for _________ hours.



a.
more than 25
b.
5 to 10
c.
48
d.
12 to 24



__________
88.
The ________ is the rounded surface of the uterine body extending from the internal os (mouth) of the cervix upward above the fallopian tube.



a.
fundus
b.
rondos
c.
fondues
d.
cranium



__________
89.
The first trimester of pregnancy is called the _________ period



a.
ovarian
b.
zygotic
c.
fetal
d.
embryonic



__________
90.
Which layer of the uterus is most affected by the menstrual cycle?



a.
Endometrium
b.
Myometrium
c.
Epithelium
d.
Perimetrium



__________
91.
During the ________ trimester of pregnancy, fetal movements begin to be detectable, and there are noticeable periods when the fetus is awake or asleep



a.
first
b.
second
c.
third
d.
fourth



__________
92.
Puberty is triggered when the ________ signal(s) the body to release hormones.



a.
pituitary gland
b.
frontal lobe of the brain
c.
urethra
d.
internal reproductive organs



__________
93.
________, also called pregnancy, begins with conception and ends with the birthing process.



a.
Menarche
b.
Fetal period
c.
Embryonic period
d.
Gestation



__________
94.
Which of the following is one the three primary functions of the uterus?



a.
Site for cyclic discharge of blood fluid
b.
Site of fetus nourishment and protection during pregnancy
c.
Organ to expel the fetus during labor
d.
All of the above



__________
95.
Typically, the menstrual cycle lasts about ________ days, with a cycle of repetitive changes to the uterine tissue, breasts, and vagina.



a.
82
b.
10
c.
38
d.
28



__________
96.
Which of the following is NOT a sexually transmitted disease?



a.
Genital herpes
b.
Genital warts
c.
Chlamydia
d.
Amenorrhea



__________
97.
Which of the following is NOT a symptom of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?



a.
Interruption of the urine stream
b.
Acute urinary retention
c.
Easy urine stream start
d.
Need to urinate often



__________
98.
All of the following are considered part of the female reproductive system EXCEPT the __________.



a.
prostate
b.
vagina
c.
vulva
d.
breasts



__________
99.
There are two ________ -shaped organs located in the scrotum called the testes.



a.
oval
b.
round
c.
square
d.
octagon



__________
100.
Which of the following is NOT one of the major symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?



a.
Lower abdominal pain
b.
Abnormal vaginal discharge
c.
Pain in the upper abdomen
d.
Painful intercourse



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