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WWI Terms

nationalism-A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation.

militarism- Building up armed forces to prepare for war.

Allies -One side in World War I: Great Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by the U.S.

Central Powers- One side in World War I: Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.

propaganda -A kind of biased communication designed to influence people’s thoughts and actions.

convoy system- Having merchant ships travel in groups protected by warships

conscientious objector -A person who believes fighting is wrong and therefore does not want to serve in the military .

armistice -Truce or agreement/ an end to fighting.

Selective Service Act- Law requiring men to register for military service.

American Expeditionary Force -The name given to the American military force that fought in World War I.

League of Nations -An international peacekeeping organization proposed by Wilson and founded in 1920 (no longer in place).

reparations -Payments made by defeated countries.

Treaty of Versailles -The 1919 treaty that ended World War I.

Fourteen Points -Wilson’s plan for world peace following.

war-guilt clause -Part of the Treaty of Versailles in which Germany took responsibility for the war.

alliances- a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.

trench warfare-fighting from ditches protected by barbed wire, as in World War I.

no man's land-disputed ground between the front lines or trenches of two opposing armies.

u-boats-a German submarine used in World War I

blockade- an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.

conscription-. draft

mobilization -the process of assembling troops and supplies and making them ready for war.

war of attrition -a war based on wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses, such as World War I.

total war- a war that involves the complete mobilization of resources and people, affecting the lives of all citizens in warring countries, even those remote from the battlefields.

homefront- the civilian population and activities of a nation whose armed forces are engaged in war abroad

civil liberties individual rights protected by law from unjust governmental or other interference.

civil rights- the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.

pacifist- a person who believes that war and violence are unjustifiable.

dough boy- a US infantryman, especially one in World War I.

sedition- conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state

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